Instead of writing the blog, I went ahead and actually put together the bicycle.
After an obscene amount of time reading the forum at: http://endless-sphere.com/forums/viewforum.php?f=20 I went ahead and ordered parts.
What do I have enroute?
Direct from Ping Battery (Direct from China):
- A 15Ah, 48V LiFePo (Lithium Iron Phosphate) battery.
- 9 continental 9×7 wound motor, rim, and spokes (2807). This guy has 23 poles!
- 35A Infineon motor controller (yes, this is too much for the battery pack, I’m going to current limit with the Cycle Analyst
- Cycle Analyst (tool for speed, voltage, amp-hours consumed, etc)
- Brake Handle with switch to cut out motor
From Recycled Cycles:
- A set of thumb friction shifters to replace the 8 speed index shifter (which won’t work with my new freewheel)
- New bearings for my front wheel
- Cone wrench
- New cables
- 5mm Fender Washers (first time I’m ever using fender washers on actual fenders)
- 5mm button head socket head cap screws
The bike has seen better days. It spent much of last winter our in the rain, tucked in the corner of my backyard in some mulch.
I spent some time this weekend cleaning the hubs and repacking the front bearings. I also picked up some nice new tires at REI. I got a pair of Michelin City 26×1.85 tires with reflective sidewalls. Better rolling resistance than the old ones, less mold stained, and have reflective sidewalls. I did not want to tempt a blowout after adding 50+ pounds more of crap to the bike.
I also switched the rear derailleur to use a friction shifter since the new powertrain is going to have a 6 speed freewheel instead of the 8 speed casette that is on there now.
I decided to take the human powered bike out and test the stopping power and handlebar position. On the first stoppie I noticed the front suspension was a little stiff. So I did it again, harder. I burst into laughter as I watched the water squirt out of the forks. These suckers are cheap elastomer forks and should have no liquid of any sort inside of them. I kept repeating: stoppie; laugh; stoppie; laugh; until the water was mostly gone.
Alas, much like my bike, I too have seen better days.
A couple of hours later and my thoracic spine was killing me, the skin on both arms was hypersensitive, the area under both pec minors hurt, and my right pinky had a dull ache. Still hurts today and I’ll need to take it easy the rest of the week while everything settles back down.
I had briefly forgotten about my thoracic outlet syndrome as it doesn’t bother me too much anymore. Unless I tease the dragon, then I’m reminded of it.
I went through a brief moment of worrying that I won’t even be able to ride the bike after I build it.
Nonsense I say! If this one hurts me, out comes the TIG welder and I’ll fab me one that works.
Since I’m doing all the design on this bike, the number of choices is a little overwhelming. To clarify things, I decided to set the mission I’m trying to accomplish. This is a big thing in the private pilot world because everyone wants the big fast plane, but realistically you are better off choosing your mission and buying a plane to fit it.
My primary goal with the bike is to get to and from work. While I can take a bus, the 28 local is routed through downtown and past the stadiums. This means if there is an event at the stadium, or just regular friday traffic, I can spend over an hour waiting for 3 busses to come at once. I hate at-grade public transport. I grew up outside of Boston (Newton) riding the T which is mostly separate from traffic and it set my standard for efficiency. San Francisco was similar, but Seattle really is the pits.
My work commute isn’t very far: just about 3 miles. It’s all downhill in the morning, and has about 1 mile of uphill on the way home. There is a stoplight at 8th and 65th which is on a 6% grade.
- about 10 miles with some hills on a single charge with no pedaling (gives me errands in ballard)
- max speed at 20 mph
- Need enough power for the stop light on the 6% grade
- Also have a stop on a 4% grade at NW Leary and 8th.
- smaller brakes
- smaller safety gear (with a similar margin of safety)
- better handling (the steering geometry of my comfort bike is not designed for 30mph)
- cheaper powertrain
While I’m writing about the legal stuff first, that’s actually the last thing I did.
An Electric Assisted Bicycle must:
- have working pedals
- motor of 1000 Watts or less
- 20 MPH or less
- Can go anywhere a bicycle can go except the sidewalk. No riding on the sidewalk.
- Just follow bicycle laws regarding helmets and such
- Bike paths (like the Burke Gilman) are OK.
The next class of vehicle up is a moped:
- 30 MPH or less
- 2HP or less (just shy of 1500W)
- can’t go on the Burke Gilman or other certain rights of way
- needs registration
- needs mirrors on left and right
- must wear motorcycle helmet and eye protection
- no mandatory insurance
- don’t need pedals anymore (law changed in 2009)
- Must follow some archaic 1969 DOT document
As you can see, being a moped (especially creating a home built moped like me) is a much bigger pain in the ass.
For now I’ll start with the Electric Assisted Bicycle and then if I’m dissatisfied with performance I’ll upgrade components and jump through hoops.
Two things conspired in 2010 to finally push me off my bicycle for good.
1) My right hip continues to slide downhill. While I had surgery on it back in 2006, it wasn’t enough and the hip is having arthritis again. Bicycling makes it sore, pop funny, and occasionally stabby.
2) Having my heart rate hit 110 or above for more than 5 minutes kicks in my chronic fatigue syndrome and I feel like crap an hour later for 3-24 hours depending on how long my heart rate is elevated. More here if you are interested: http://www.cfids.org/cfidslink/2007/030704.asp.
But I love two wheeled vehicles. I can’t remember when I rode my first bicycle, but I remember my first moped ride very clearly. It was David (blank)’s moped and it looked a little like this:
I was 14 (legal age was 16) and heck it was a lot of fun. I had taken an interest in small engine repair when I was 12 or so and hated shoveling. We had an old snowblower that my father hadn’t fixed because he would send me out to shovel. I learned to like earplugs, small engine repair, and running a snowblower far more fun than shoveling. My history coaxing life into small motors was traded for being able to frequently borrow the moped. Another friend also bought one so I often had access to one during high school.
But mopeds sort of suck. They are really heavy so most of the power is spent moving the frame around. Not to mention the Moped Hunch (TM). I’m 6’4″ and mopeds aren’t really customizable.
|Ow. Look at that posture!|
I have a bicycle I can no longer ride, the desire for another ridiculous project since my lathe now works again, and we just finished a release at work so I have a little free time to mess with.
Time to take this beauty and make it pedal itself.
I finally finished the lathe conversion. It ended up being a lot more work than I expected as I ran into problems in pretty much every area.
The lathe is a 1995 era Jet 9×20 lathe. It originally had an incredibly heavy 3/4 HP single phase motor.
– The motor was not a drop in replacement. I had to move the motor mount over about 3/4″. I had to chop off a chunk from the quick change gearbox mounting plate because the motor hit it. I also had to buy a new longer belt. Phew. In this case a Frame 56 motor was NOT a drop in replacement for the motor that it came with.
– Building the pendant and wiring up the enclosure for the VFD took a fair amount of time. Probably 8-10 hours if you add in all the trips to Stoneway Hardware.
– A single set screw is not enough. I had to put in two at 90 degrees to stop the motor pulley from loosening.
– The motor is only good up to 70Hz, so my dream of running with never changing belts isn’t true. I instead just use 3 ranges: 50-600 RPM, 80-1000 RPM, and 150 – 2000 RPM. Since I’m using the vector VFD the motor runs pretty well at the lower limits. It’s also oversized at 1HP so it can absorb the heat.
Overall, I’m thrilled with the performance. I was able to finish a project that had been tripping the clutch. But had I known it was going to take 20-30 hours, I would have put it off for a while.
|Note the new holes to move the studs leftwards. If you look closely, you can also see where I hacked at the plate on the right side.|
|Closeup of Pendant showing custom calibration on speed knob.|
|Pendant mounted via velcro for easy movement.|
|Back shot showing overall layout of enclosure and wiring. The thing on bottom right is a 15A fused switch.|
|two shots of the portal so I can see any fault codes, etc.|
|This is a 1HP motor from Suplus Center. It is only balanced to 1800RPM :(.|
Why did I decide that putting a new motor on my lathe was a good idea?
I already have many projects in process; things like figuring out why I can no longer use the heat pump register in my bedroom; landscaping the backyard and getting a tree removed; walking 50 minutes a day. But after I finished the little motor project, I was frustrated at how many times I had to switch belts.
I decided then to follow through and switch the lathe over to a VFD with a 3 phase motor. This will allow variable speed and many fewer belt changes. Plus it’s a whole bunch of high technology in a simple to use package.
I picked up a sensorless vector VFD from DealersElectric. I got the 1HP 110V single phase model.
After asking around some for motors locally, I ended up getting one from Surplus Center. I’m meh about it. It’s OK up to 1700RPM, but vibrates a little more than I’d like above that.
My friend Peter and I took a trip to Hardware Specialties Co down on Harbor Island. It’s a true old industrial place. They specialize in cut wire, sell to non-business with a $25/min credit card charge. But they have a lot more then just wire. Torpedo controls, breakers, all sorts of oddball industrial lighting stuff. If you need something odd, I’d recommend giving them a call.
After about 7 trips to different hardware stores around town I have everything I need to finish the project.
Here’s some pictures of Hardware Specialties Co.
My fried Josh managed to find himself owning two lathes. After helping him resolve that problem I found myself an owner of a Jet 9×20 lathe. Not having used a lathe in about 10 years I decided to start by working on a skills building project.
After some looking around, I found the EZ Build Engine plans from the folks over at Home Model Engine Machinist board. They basically build a small compressed air engine. Building mine was quite a saga. I managed to get some whiplash with kept me out of the shop for several months. After 4 months of very short increments of work I had a functioning engine and mostly better neck.